|Molecular Weight||132.119 g/mol|
Polar amino acids are very often used as components of vitamin and supplement composition. Analysis of such complex composition is a challenging task. In this application, 5 amino acids (asparagine, glutamic acid, proline and arginine) and two preservatives (methyl paraben and propyl paraben) are separated on a Primesep 100 reversed-phase cation-exchange column with LC/MS compatible mobile phase. Method does not require ion-pairing reagent in the mobile phase. Compounds are monitored by ELSD and UV. Method is validated for quantitation of underivatized amino acids in complex mixtures. The method is simple and robust and can be used for analysis of various vitamin formulations.
Two amino acids, aspartic acid and asparagine, are separated on an Obelisc R column by combination of reverse-phase and ion-exchange mechanism. Method can be used for analysis of these and other underivatized amino acids by HPLC with UV, ELSD, CAD and LC/MS detection.
Application Notes: Amino acids are polar ionic compounds which are not retained on reversed-phase column without ion-pairing reagent. In our application, lysine and arginine can be separated from other amino acids. Amino acids with a pH between 3 and 5 and with one basic and one acidic group become very polar. Therefore these amino acids don’t have strong ion-exchange interaction with Primesep C stationary phase. Amino acids with two amino groups still carry positive net charge and can interact with stationary phase by cations-exchange mechanism. pH variation of the mobile phase can be an effective tool to adjust selectivity of separation for zwitter-ionic, basic and acidic compounds. This method can be used for separation of mono-charged compounds from compounds having an extra charge.
Application Columns: Primesep C
Application compounds: Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Aspargine, Glycine, Proline, Alanine, Phenylalanine, Tyrosine, Leucine, Lysine, Arginine
Detection technique: UV, LC/MS, ELSD/CAD
|Column||Primesep 100, 4.6x250 mm, 5 µm, 100A|
|Mobile Phase||MeCN/H2O - 35/65%|
|Buffer||H2SO4 0.05% 12 min hold, gradient 0.05-0.20, 13 min|
|Flow Rate||1.0 ml/min|
|Detection||UV, 200 nm|
|Class of Compounds||Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements, Amino acid|
|Analyzing Compounds||Amino acids|