Lysine

CAS Number 56-87-1
Molecular Formula C6H14N2O2
Molecular Weight 146.190 g/mol
InChI Key KDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-N
LogP -3.05
Synonyms
  • Lysine
  • L-Lysine
  • 56-87-1
  • 4-04-00-02717
  • L-Lysine
  • (+)-S-Lysine
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid
  • (S)-Lysine
  • (S)-α,ε-Diaminocaproic acid
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid
  • Aminutrin
  • Aminutrin, 6-amino-
  • Hexanoic acid, 2,6-diamino-, (S)-
  • h-Lys-oh
  • L-(+)-LYSINE
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproic acid
  • L-lisina
  • L-Lysin
  • L-Norleucine, 6-amino-
  • Lysine acid
  • LYSINE, L-
  • Malandil
  • α-Lysine
  • BRN 1722531
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid, (S)-
  • EINECS 200-294-2
  • Lysinum
  • UNII-K3Z4F929H6
  • (2S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoic acid
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproate
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproic acid
  • (S)-alpha,epsilon-diaminocaproic acid
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • 6-Amino-Aminutrin
  • 6-Amino-L-Norleucine
  • K
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoate
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoic acid
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproate
  • L-Lys
  • Lys
  • a-Lysine
  • alpha-Lysine
  • 1150316-18-9
  • 280114-50-3
  • 48050-57-3
  • 6899-06-5

Applications:


Amino Acids Analysis in Acid Gradient Condition
11 underivatized amino acids (aspartic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, cysteine, phenylalanine, histidine, lysine, and arginine) are separated by a Primesep 100 HPLC column by reversed-phase and ion-exchange mechanisms with LC/MS compatible conditions without the use of ion-pair reagents. The HPLC separation uses a TFA (trifluoroacetic acid) gradient in a mobile phase of water acetonitrile (MeCN, ACN with evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD).

Condition

Column Primesep 100, 4.6x250 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 30/70%
Buffer TFA , gradient  0.05-0.3 % , 25 min
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection ELSD
 

Description

Class of Compounds Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Gaspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Alanine, Valine, Methionine, Isoleucine, Cysteine, Phenylalanine, Histidine, Lysine, Arginine
 

Application Analytes:

Alanine
Amino Acids
Arginine
Aspartic Acid
Cysteine
Glutamic Acid
Histidine
Isoleucine
Lysine
Methionine
Phenylalanine
Valine

HPLC Analysis of Active Drug and Amino Acids in a Formulation
Polar amino acids are very often used as components of vitamin and supplement composition. Analysis of such complex composition is a challenging task. In this application, 5 amino acids (asparagine, glutamic acid, proline and arginine) and two preservatives (methyl paraben and propyl paraben) are separated on a Primesep 100 reversed-phase cation-exchange column with LC/MS compatible mobile phase. Method does not require ion-pairing reagent in the mobile phase. Compounds are monitored by ELSD and UV. Method is validated for quantitation of underivatized amino acids in complex mixtures. The method is simple and robust and can be used for analysis of various vitamin formulations.

Condition

Column Primesep 100, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O
Buffer AmFm
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection ELSD 50C, UV 250 nm
 

Description

Class of Compounds Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Glutamic acid, Aspargine,  Proline, Lysine, Arginine, Methyl paraben, Propyl paraben
 

Application Analytes:

Arginine
Asparagine
Ethyl Paraben
Glutamic Acid
Lysine
Methylparaben
Proline

HPLC Method for Determination of Lysine in Ibuprofen Lysine Composition
Ibuprofen lysine is ibuprofen based medication which is uses lysine as counter-ion of the ibuprofen. The use of lysine makes the drug more soluble in water. Lysine is very hydrophilic compound with low UV activity, while ibuprofen is hydrophobic compound with good UV activity. These properties are making straight analysis of Ibuprofen Lysine (ibuprofen lysinate) a challenging task. Ion-pairing reagent required for retention of lysine in reversed-phase chromatography. Both compounds can be quantitated in one run without use of IP reagent. Because of the huge difference in UV activity of ibuprofen and lysine, a separate method for quantitation of lysine in ibuprofen lysinate might be required. Separation involving switching valve and guard column allows to trap ibuprofen on the guard and wash it away during analysis of lysine. This HPLC method allows to quantitate lysine separately from ibuprofen. Detailed set up of switching valve/guard system is described in our newsletter. Method can be adapted to quantitation of single compound in complex mixtures.

Application Analytes:

Ibuprofen
Lysine

Separation of Small Lysine-based Peptide Oligomers
chr_302.gif Short-chain peptides are usually very polar compounds. If the peptide contains lysine moiety it also become very basic in nature. Analysis in traditional reversed-phase of HILIC mode can produce poor peak shape. The method was developed for lysine-based peptide on Primesep AP column in HILIC/cation-exclusion mode. Column can be used for analysis of small peptides with multiple basic groups. Compounds can be monitored by UV, LC/MS or ELSD.

Condition

Column Primesep AP, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O
Buffer H3PO4
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection UV 215 nm
 

Description

Class of Compounds Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Lysine-based Peptide Oligomers
 

Application Analytes:

Lysine

HPLC Separation of Amino Acids in Zero Organic Mode on Primesep 200 column
Essential and non-essential amino acids can be retained and separated in zero-organic mode on Primesep mixed-mode HPLC columns. Zero-organic mode is required to monitor isotopes of carbon. Amino acids are retained by combination of reversed-phase and cation-exchange mechanisms. At lower pH, some of the amino acids are more hydrophobic. Buffer pH will affect ionization state of amino acids, and at higher pH (above 2.5), the amino acids will be less hydrophobic and retentive in zero-organic mode. Amino acids can be monitored by low UV. Method can be used in archeological research for analysis of various molecules where presence of organic component of the mobile phase interferes with analysis.

Condition

Column Primesep 200, 4.6x250 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O
Buffer Na2HPO4
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection UV 210 nm
 

Description

Class of Compounds Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Valine, Leucyne, Isoleycine, Tyrosine, Phenylalanine, Histidine, Lysine
 

Application Analytes:

Histidine
Isoleucine
Leucine
Lysine
Phenylalanine
Tyrosine
Valine

HPLC Separation of Lysine and Arginine from Other Amino Acids
  Application Notes: Amino acids are polar ionic compounds which are not retained on reversed-phase column without ion-pairing reagent. In our application, lysine and arginine can be separated from other amino acids. Amino acids with a pH between 3 and 5 and with one basic and one acidic group become very polar. Therefore these amino acids don’t have strong ion-exchange interaction with Primesep C stationary phase. Amino acids with two amino groups still carry positive net charge and can interact with stationary phase by cations-exchange mechanism. pH variation of the mobile phase can be an effective tool to adjust selectivity of separation for zwitter-ionic, basic and acidic compounds. This method can be used for separation of mono-charged compounds from compounds having an extra charge. Application Columns: Primesep C Application compounds: Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Aspargine, Glycine, Proline, Alanine, Phenylalanine, Tyrosine, Leucine, Lysine, Arginine Detection technique: UV, LC/MS, ELSD/CAD

Condition

Column Primesep C, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN - 15%
Buffer AmAc pH 5.0- 15 mM
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection ELSD
 

Description

Class of Compounds Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Aspargine, Glycine, Proline, Alanine, Phenylalanine, Tyrosine, Leucine, Lysine, Arginine
 

Application Analytes:

Alanine
Arginine
Asparagine
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
Glycine
Leucine
Lysine
Phenylalanine
Proline
Tyrosine

HPLC Method for Analysis of L-Lysine and L-Arginine
l-Lysine , L-Arginine Chr_1106 L-Lysine is an essential amino acid required for growth and tissue repair, it can also help with anxiety. The amino acid is most often found in red meats,beans, fish, and dairy products. L-Arginine is an essential amino acid that is used to treat congestive heart failure, combat fatigue and circulatory diseases. It is also used to stimulate the immune system. Obelisc R is a reverse-phase column. It contains embedded ionic groups and can retain L-Lysine and L-Arginine. The method is UV compatible and can be used as a general approach for analyzing similar compounds.

Application Analytes:

Arginine
D-Lysine
Lysine
N-Nitro-L-arginine

HPLC Separation of Mixture of D-Glucose and L-Lysine on Primesep S Column
 

Condition

Column Primesep S, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase Gradient MeCN - 85-60%, 10 min 2 min hold
Buffer Gradient AmFm pH 3.0, 10-80 mM, 10 min 2 min hold
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection CAD (Corona) MS- compatible mobile phase
 

Description

Class of Compounds Sugar, Amino Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds D-Glucose, L-Lysine
 

Application Analytes:

Glucose
Lysine

HPLC Determination of Lysine on Primesep 200 column in MS-compatible conditions
 

Condition

Column Primesep 200, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 10/90%
Buffer AmFM pH 3.0 - 10 mM
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection CAD (Corona), MS- compatible phase
 

Description

Class of Compounds Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Carboxylic acid, Drug, Amino Acid
Analyzing Compounds Lysine
 

Application Analytes:

D-Lysine
Lysine