Nicotinic Acid

CAS Number 59-67-6
Molecular Formula C6H5NO2
Molecular Weight 123.111 g/mol
LogP 0.4
  • niacin
  • Pyridine-3-carboxylic acid
  • 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid
  • 3-Carboxypyridine
  • wampocap
  • vitamin B3
  • Acidum nicotinicum
  • Apelagrin
  • Pellagrin
  • Akotin
  • Daskil
  • Efacin
  • Pelonin
  • Linic
  • nicamin
  • nicobid
  • nicocap
  • nicolar
  • Enduracin
  • Nicodelmine
  • Niconacid
  • Nicotinipca
  • Pellagramin
  • Direktan
  • Niaspan
  • Nicacid
  • Nicangin
  • Peviton
  • Bionic
  • Diacin
  • Nicyl
  • Nyclin
  • Niac
  • Vitaplex N
  • Davitamon PP
  • Nico-Span
  • Tega-Span
  • Nicocidin
  • Nicocrisina
  • Niconazid
  • Nicoside
  • Nicotamin
  • Nicotene
  • Nicovasan
  • Nicovasen
  • Nipellen
  • SK-Niacin
  • Naotin
  • Nicodan
  • Nicodon
  • Niconat
  • Nicosan 3
  • Nicosyl
  • Nicotil
  • Tinic
  • 3-Carboxylpyridine
  • Nicotine acid
  • Niacor


HPLC Separation of Carboxylic Acids

HPLC separation of carboxylic acids (nicotinic acid, benzoic acid and acetylbenzoic acid) on Primesep B2 column using an isocratic method by reverse-phase and anion-exchange mechanisms. The elution of carboxylic acids using the same isocratic method and mobile phase can be reversed by using a reverse-phase cation-exchange mechanisms of the Primesep 100 column. The mobile phase is water, acetonitrile (MeCN, ACN) and formic acid with a UV detector.

Application Analytes:

Acetylbenzoic Acid
Benzoic Acid
Nicotinic Acid

HPLC Separation of Pyridinecarboxylic Acids

Pyridinecarboxylic acids exist as three isomers with different position of carboxylic acid relative to nitrogen in pyridine. Three isomers of pyridinecarboxylic acid (picolinic or 2-pyridinecarvoxylic acid, niacin or 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid, isonicotinic or 4-pyridinecarboxylic acid), along with pyridinedicarboxylic acid, are separated on a Primesep 100 column. Pyridinecarboxylic acids have a similar empirical formula, and are very similar in terms of hydrophobicity and ionic properties. Small differences in these properties are enough to achieve good separation on cation-exchange mixed-mode HPLC column like Primesep 100. Retention time for all compounds is controlled by the amount of acetonitrile and amount of ions in the mobile phase. Ions in the mobile phase can be created by organic and inorganic acids and corresponding salt buffers. Various detection techniques can be used for monitoring pyridinecarboxylic acids. Other ionizable isomers can be successfully separated on mixed-mode columns.

Application Analytes:

Isonicotinic Acid
Nicotinic Acid
Organic Acids
Picolinic Acid
Pyridinedicarboxylic Acid

HPLC Separation of Vitamin C, Vitamin Group B, and Related Impurities

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and Vitamins Group B are separated on Obelisc N mixed-mode column. Method can be used in quantitation and determination of polar vitamins in various formulations and dietary supplements. HPLC method can be based on UV, Evaporative Light Scattering Detection (ESLD), RI or MS detection. Effect of sample matrix can be eliminated by changing mobile phase conditions. Buffer concentration, buffer pH and amount of ACN will affect every vitamin differently due to difference in polar and ionic properties.

Application Analytes:

Ascorbic Acid
Barbituric Acid
Isonicotinic Acid
Nicotinic Acid
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

HILIC Separation of Vitamins Group B
Separation of vitamins group B is achieved on Obelisc N column in HILIC mixed-mode. Vitamins of this group are different in polarity and ionic properties. Retention and separation is achieved by optimization of amount of ACN, buffer and buffer pH. Combination of UV and ELSD detection is used to monitor HPLC separation. B vitamins are water-soluble vitamins that play an important role in cell metabolism. Supplements containing all six are generally referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin. This method can be used to analyze individual B vitamins as well as vitamin B complex. Isolation of impurities as well as degradation products is possible by preparative chromatography.

Application Analytes:

Nicotinic Acid
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Analysis of Nicotinic Acid in Nicotinamide
Nicotinamide is the amide form of nicotinic acid. Nicotinic acid is in the vitamin B group and is converted to nicotinamide in vivo. Primesep 100 was used to separate nicotinamide and nicotinic acid. Concentrations of nicotinic acid as low as 0.1ppm could be used.Primesep 100 separates acids using ion-exclusion, retains basic compounds by cation-exchange, and neutral compounds by reverse-phase mechanism.


Column Primesep 100, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 5/95%
Buffer Na2HPO4  pH 3.0- 10 mM
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection UV, 230 nm


Class of Compounds  Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Vitamin, Supplements
Analyzing Compounds Nicotinic Acid, Nicotinamide

Application Analytes:

Nicotinic Acid

HPLC Separation Of Mixture of Pyridylacetic Acids And Their Derivatives

Application Analytes:

2-Pyridylacetic acid hydrochloride
3-Pyridylacetic acid hydrochloride
4-Pyridylacetic acid hydrochloride
Nicotinic Acid