Perchlorate

CAS Number 14797-73-0
Molecular Formula ClO4
Molecular Weight 99.450 g/mol
InChI Key VLTRZXGMWDSKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-M
LogP -4.63
Synonyms
  • Perchlorate
  • Perchlorato, ion(1-)
  • 14797-73-0
  • Perchlorate ion
  • Perchlorate ion (ClO41-)
  • Perchlorate ion(1-)
  • Perchlorate(1-)
  • Perchloric acid, ion(1-)
  • Perchlorate ions
  • UNII-VLA4NZX2P4
  • 181259-57-4
  • 60349-26-0

Applications:


HPLC Analysis of Basic Drugs and Acidic Counter-Ions by Mixed-Mode Chromatography
The majority of drugs in the pharmaceutical industry are administered in salt form. The presence of two counter-ions very often necessitates the use of two methods. The nature of these counterparts in drugs can be an inorganic cation and organic acid, inorganic anion and organic base, and organic cation and organic anion. Furthermore, the properties of the molecules will result in a differing stoichiometry. The task of simultaneous quantitation of counter-ions can be achieved by using mixed-mode columns. The general approach for analysis is based on properties of corresponding counter-ions. Hydrophobic basic drugs, like dextromethorphan, verapamil, trimipramine, and corresponding acidic counter-ions (chloride, chlorate, bromide, bromate, perchlorate, maleate, fumarate,tartrate, succinate, phosphate, citrate, benzosulfonate, toleuensulfonate) can be separated and quantitated in the same run on reversed-phase anion-exchange column. Basic hydrophobic drugs are retained by the reversed-phase mechanism, and counter-ions are retained by the reversed-phase and anion-exchange mechanism. Some polar counter-ions are retained only by the anion-exchange mechanism. Retention time and selectivity of HPLC separation of drugs and counter-ions can be achieved by changing the amount of acetonitrile and the amount of ions in the mobile phase. The detection technique depends on the properties of the counter-ions. In case of low or no UV activity, ELSD can be employed if the counter-ion forms a non-volatile salt with the mobile phase additive (ammonium formate). This HPLC method can be used for simultaneous quantitation of other basic drugs and counter-ions. The presence of two mechanisms of retention allows control over retention times of drug and counter-ion independently, and even allows a change of order of elution when necessary.

Condition

Column Primesep D , 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O
Buffer AmFm pH 3.0
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection ELSD, UV 270

Description

Class of Compounds Ions, Hydrophilic, Hydrophobic, Base, Acids, Ionizable
Analyzing Compounds Sodium Chloride, Sodium chloride, Sodium Chlorate, Sodium bromide, Sodium bromate, Perchloric Acid, Maleic Acid, Fumaric Acid, Tartaric Acid, Succinic Acid, Phosphoric Acid, Citric acid, Benzosulfonic acid,  Dextromethorphan, Verapamil, Trimipramine


Application Analytes:

Benzenesulfonic Acid
Bromide
Chlorate
Chloride
Citric Acid
Dextromethorphan
Fumaric Acid
Maleic Acid
Organic Acids
Perchlorate
Phosphoric Acid
Pyrilamine
Succinic Acid
Tartaric Acid
Verapamil
p-Toluenesulfonic Acid (PTSA)

Separation of Chlorate, Perchlorate, and Phosphonate Ions
  The ionic forms of Chlorate, Perchlorate, and Phosphonates are useful in many industries including medicine, paper and use in explosives. Due to their lack of UV activity, an ELSD was used to detect both the anions and cations of all three sodium salts. The ions were retained on both Primesep D and Obelisc R columns. Primesep D is a reverse phase column with embedded basic ion-pairing groups. Obelisc R is also a reverse phase column, but can be additionally tuned due to embedded ionic groups and a hydrophobic chain.

Condition 1

Column Primesep D, 2.1x100 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase Gradient MeCN - 10-40%, 12 min
Buffer Gradient AmFm pH 2.3- 30-80 mM, 12 min
Flow Rate 0.4 ml/min
Detection ELSD
 

Condition 2

Column Obelisc R, 2.1x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase Gradient MeCN - 10-40%, 12 min
Buffer Gradient AmFm pH 2.3- 30-80 mM, 12 min
Flow Rate 0.4 ml/min
Detection ELSD
   

Description

Class of Compounds   Hydrophilic, Ionizable
Analyzing Compounds Chlorate, Perchlorate,  Phosphonate Ions
 

Application Analytes:

Chlorate
Perchlorate
Phosphonate
Sodium

HPLC Separation of Inorganic Anions on Newcrom B Column
HPLC.cloud View on hplc.cloud  

Condition

Column Newcrom B, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 10/90%
Buffer Gradient AmAc -  20-50 mM , 11 min
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection CAD

Description

Class of Compounds Ions, Hydrophilic, Ionizable
Analyzing Compounds Sodium, Phosphate, Chloride,Bromide, Nitrate, Sulfate, Iodide, Perchlorate


Application Analytes:

Bromide
Chloride
Iodine
Nitrate
Perchlorate
Phosphate
Sodium
Sulfate

HPLC Separation of Inorganic Anions on Newcrom BH Column
HPLC.cloud View on hplc.cloud  

Condition

Column Newcrom BH, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 10/90%
Buffer Gradient AmAc -  20-90 mM , 20 min
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection CAD (Corona)  (MS-compatible mobile phase)

Description

Class of Compounds Ions, Hydrophilic, Ionizable
Analyzing Compounds Sodium, Phosphate, Chloride, Bromide, Nitrate, Sulfate, Iodide, Perchlorate


Application Analytes:

Bromide
Chloride
Iodine
Nitrate
Perchlorate
Phosphate
Sodium
Sulfate

HPLC Determination of Chloride, Chlorate and Perchlorate on Newcrom B Column
HPLC.cloud View on hplc.cloud Main source of contamination of environment by perchlorates are rocket fuels, car airbags, and fireworks. EPA developed regulation of the perchlorate level in drinking water which already adapted by several states. The most convenient, universal and very sensitive way to measure perchlorate is chromatography. SIELC developed a simple, rugged, and selective HPLC method which allows to measure perchlorate in different matrices including drinking water. This method allows to measure simultaneously other chloro containing ions such as chloride, and chlorate. The method shows high selectivity and specificity. The mobile phase is a simple mixture of water acetonitrile and ammonium formate. The column used in the analysis has advanced surface chemistry with long chain holding a terminal positively changed functional group.

Condition

Column Newcrom B, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A
Mobile Phase MeCN/H2O - 10/90%
Buffer Gradient AmFm pH 3.0 -  40-100 mM , 10 min
Flow Rate 1.0 ml/min
Detection CAD

Description

Class of Compounds Ions, Hydrophilic, Ionizable
Analyzing Compounds Sodium Chloride, Sodium Chlorate, Sodium Perchlorate


Application Analytes:

Chlorate
Chloride
Perchlorate
Sodium Chlorate