|Molecular Weight||152.150 g/mol|
Polar amino acids are very often used as components of vitamin and supplement composition. Analysis of such complex composition is a challenging task. In this application, 5 amino acids (asparagine, glutamic acid, proline and arginine) and two preservatives (methyl paraben and propyl paraben) are separated on a Primesep 100 reversed-phase cation-exchange column with LC/MS compatible mobile phase. Method does not require ion-pairing reagent in the mobile phase. Compounds are monitored by ELSD and UV. Method is validated for quantitation of underivatized amino acids in complex mixtures. The method is simple and robust and can be used for analysis of various vitamin formulations.
Parabens are common preservatives in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. They are esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. Method for separation of methyl paraben, propyl paraben, benzonitrile and toluene was developed on a Obelisc R column. All four compounds are neutral and are retained by reverse-phase mechanism. In case of reversed-phase stationary phase, no effect of pH is observed. Retention time for all four compounds changes on an Obelisc R column when pH is changed. pH of the mobile phase affects ionization state of stationary phase. Obelisc R column has C12 carbon chain and carboxylic acid with pKa of 4. At lower pH (pH 2, TFA), carboxylic acid of stationary phase is not ionized and thus adds hydrophobicity to stationary phase. Obelisc R column can be used for analysis of basic, acidic and neutral compounds with suitable detection techniques - UV, ELSD, CAD, LC/MS.
Codeine and two parabens are separated by mixed-mode chromatography. Codeine is retained by reversed-phase and cation-exchange mechanisms and parabens are retained by reversed-phase mechanism. The retention time of codeine can be adjusted by changing the amount of acetonitrile, buffer concentration, and buffer pH. The mobile phase for this column and its separation are fully compatible with UV, ELSD, LC/MS and prep chromatography, various organic and inorganic acids, and corresponding buffers can be used.
Codeine is a hydrophobic basic drug which is used in many drug compositions as an analgetic, antitussive, anxiolytic, and sedative agent. Codeine is widely used as a moderate pain and cough reliever. It is usually part of complex composition and comes in the form of a tablet or syrup. Several preservatives are used in most of the drug composition and include parabens and benzoates. The mixture of codeine, methyl and propyl parabens was separated on Primesep C mixed-mode reversed-phase cation-exchange column. Codeine is retained by reversed-phase and cation-exchange mechanisms and parabens are retained by reversed-phase mechanism. No ion-pairing reagent is required since Primesep C mixed-mode stationary phase has an ion-pairing reagent attached to the surface.
Dextromethorphan is one of the common cough suppressants used in many drug composition. It is in tablets and syrups as an antitussive drug. Composition often has preservatives like parabens. Dextromethorphan is a hydrophobic, basic drug which is used as a bromide salt in drug compositions. Dextromethorphan and two parabens (methyl paraben and propyl paraben) were separated on Primesep C reversed-phase cation-exchange column. Several impurities were observed and are well separated from the main components of the drug composition. Method can be used for various formulations in QC and production environment.
|Column||Primesep 100, 4.6x150 mm, 5 µm, 100A|
|Mobile Phase||Gradient MeCN - 2-50%, 20 min|
|Buffer||H2SO4 - 0.05 %|
|Flow Rate||1.0 ml/min|
|Detection||UV, 200 nm|
|Class of Compounds||Drug, Acid, Hydrophilic, Ionizable, Carboxylic acid, Carbocyclic, Benzoate, Hydroxy Acid, Amino Acid, Hydroxybenzoate, Phenol|
|Analyzing Compounds||Carbocisteine, Methylparaben, Propylparaben|